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Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Travel Svalbard, Svalbard, Svalbard and Jan Mayen

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PROPERTY Description

Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic, constituting the northernmost part of Norway. Located north of mainland Europe, it is about midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. The group of islands range from 74° to 81° north latitude (and thus inside the Arctic Circle), and from 10° to 35° east longitude. Spitsbergen is the largest island, followed by Nordaustlandet and Edgeøya. The administrative center is Longyearbyen, and other settlements, in addition to research outposts, are the Russian mining community of Barentsburg, the research community of Ny-Ålesund and the mining outpost of Sveagruva. The archipelago is administered by the Governor of Svalbard. The islands were first taken into use as a whaling base in the 17th and 18th centuries, after which they were abandoned. Coal mining started at the beginning of the 20th century, and several permanent communities were established. The Spitsbergen Treaty of 1920 recognizes Norwegian sovereignty, and the 1925 Svalbard Act made Svalbard a full part of the Kingdom of Norway. They also established Svalbard as a free economic zone and a demilitarized zone. The Norwegian Store Norske and the Russian Arktikugol remain the only mining companies. Research and tourism have become important supplementary industries, featuring among others the University Centre in Svalbard and the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. No roads connect the settlements; instead snowmobiles, aircraft and boats serve inter-community transport. Svalbard Airport, Longyear serves as the main gateway. The archipelago features an Arctic climate, although with significantly higher temperatures than other areas at the same latitude. The flora take advantage of the long period of midnight sun to compensate for the polar night. Svalbard is a breeding ground for many seabirds, and also features polar bears, reindeer and marine mammals. Seven national parks and twenty-three nature reserves cover two-thirds of the archipelago, protecting the largely untouched, yet fragile, nature. Sixty percent of the archipelago is glacier, and the islands feature many mountains and fjords. Within Longyearbyen, Barentsburg and Ny-Ålesund, there are road systems, but they do not connect with each other. Off-road motorized transport is prohibited on bare ground, but snowmobiles are used extensively during winter—both for commercial and recreational activities. Transport from Longyearbyen to Barentsburg (45 km/28 mi) and Pyramiden (100 km/62 mi) is possible by snowmobile by winter, or by ship all year round. All settlements have ports and Longyearbyen has a bus system.[89] Svalbard Airport, Longyear, located 3 kilometres (2 mi) from Longyearbyen, is the only airport offering air transport off the archipelago. Scandinavian Airlines has daily scheduled services to Tromsø and Oslo; there are also irregular charter services to Russia.[90] Lufttransport provides regular corporate charter services from Longyearbyen to Ny-Ålesund Airport and Svea Airport for Kings Bay and Store Norske; these flights are in general not available to the public.[91] There are heliports in Barentsburg and Pyramiden, and helicopters are frequently used by the governor and to a less extent the mining company Arktikugol.

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PROPERTY Rates

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PROPERTY Amenities

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Transportation

PROPERTY Features

  • Location Type : Beach, Fishing, Mountain, Snow Ski,
  • Bed Rooms : 50 Camp
  • Bathrooms : Camping Bathrooms
  • Bathroom Description : Camping
  • Suitability : none
  • Boating : Boat Dock
  • Attribute : Waterfront, Beachfront, Near Beach, Ski, Boating Area, Caves, Bird Watching, Mountain Climbing
  • Disable Facilities : none
  • Transportation : none
  • Nearby Attraction / Facility : AirPort : Norwegian: Svalbard lufthavn, Longyear, Beach : All Around, Railway : None, Golf : None, Bar : get your own drinks, Bus : None, Car : None, Restaurant : Take your own food
  • Other Views : Snow, Bear, Bird watching
  • Computers : 0
  • Child Friendly : No

PROPERTY Location

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Island Travel  

  • Svalbard, Svalbard, Svalbard and Jan Mayen
  • Available For Pack A & B


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